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Stand-alone gauge head for quality control of optical fibers

Stand-alone gauge head for quality control of optical fibers

News 27.07.2020
Pic2 FIBER TENSION 6003 web 1030x858
The stand-alone gauge head measures the tension of optical fibers in the drawing tower

The fast, lossless transfer of data over long distances via optical fiber cables is essential for our increasingly digital and connected society. The future demand for optical fiber cables is further growing due to the global establishment and expansion of 5G wireless standards, increasing intra-data traffic within data centers as well as data traffic between different data centers. Tension has an important impact on the optical fiber quality which influences the uncoated fiber. SIKORA AG has developed a stand-alone gauge head with a measuring rate of up to 10 kHz that measures the tension quickly and highly precisely. Therefore, it is particularly intended for optical fibers which are further processed to premium optical fiber cables and for which specific requirements and standards exist. A gauge head with such a high measuring rate is especially suitable for fast control circuits.

Requirements for the manufacturing of optical fibers and optical fiber cables

In the course of rapidly growing worldwide networking, requirements on single-mode as well as multi-mode optical fibers with regard to their relevant parameters are ever increasing. Consequently, the tolerances for attenuation, loss and cut-off frequency as well as geometrical dimensions are continually getting tighter. The optical fiber manufacturers have to take the corresponding optical fiber specifications for the target application into account. Only then, they receive exact products that effectively fulfill the guaranteed durability. Therefore, a continuous online quality control during the entire drawing process is crucial.

During the different production stages, gauge heads and processor systems measure, monitor and control the entire drawing process to ensure the quality of the optical fiber and to increase the efficiency of the production process. The objective of optical fiber manufacturers is to control as many variables as possible in the drawing process to produce a fiber with a grade of high specifications as well as minimum scrap production.

Innovative tension measurement based on the birefringence principle

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Measuring principle based on the birefringence principle

There are different methods for tension measurement available on the market. One of these is the traditional vibration measuring method where a gauge head is used for the measurement of the diameter as well as the vibration of the optical fiber in the drawing process and thus determines the tension. There is no distinction between natural and forced vibration of the fiber, whereby measuring inaccuracies may occur due to stronger external environmental influences. The application of such a dual measuring system is beneficial, for example, when a lack of space in the drawing tower makes the installation of multiple stand-alone gauge heads difficult.

SIKORA AG offers a new technology for a highly precise tension measurement in a stand-alone system. This is based on the birefringence principle that uses the direction-dependent refractive characteristics of glass which occur when forces act on the glass. A light source sends polarized light that travels through the optical fiber. Due to the direction-dependent refraction index, a change of the original polarization occurs. The exiting double refracted light is received by a detection unit. This determines the difference of the polarization of the received light to the original polarization of the light source. This difference is seen as the measure for the tension exerted on the optical fiber (picture 1). The self-sufficient stand-alone measuring system offers an even more resilient and precise tension measurement for the validation as well as for the faster control of this eminently important parameter. This is achieved by the innovative measuring principle and the considerable measuring rate of up to 10 kHz. The measuring area of the system is up to 400 g and the reproducibility amounts to ± 0.1 g.

Use of the systems and application area

The gauge head can be either installed before or after the cold position of the uncoated fiber. The measured value is independent of production influences such as the position of the fiber in the measuring field, the production line speed as well as the vibration or oscillation of the fiber. Therefore, the gauge head can also be used for statistical offline measurements if needed. For example, the calibration of the system can be checked easily by using test probes. The system generates reliable and stable measuring values and thus enables an immediate control of the tension. The installation in existing drawing towers is possible at any time. The application of the described stand-alone gauge heads is particularly attractive for manufacturers who want to receive highest quality due to an optimal production process with minimal scrap and at smallest possible resource usage.

Visualization of the measuring data

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In addition to the tension, the available processor system visualizes measuring values of further SIKORA gauge heads in the drawing tower

The tension gauge head is available with all common interfaces and industrial field busses, for example, Profinet IO, EtherNet/IP or Profibus-DP. Therefore, digital or analogue data transmission is available depending on the requirements of the customer. Additionally, the gauge head can be connected to a processor system that is also available. The processor system provides further interfaces such as OPC UA and visualizes the production data. It is possible to display single measurement values, for example, for the analysis and optimization of processes. Furthermore, the measuring values of the tension gauge head can be merged with values of other measuring devices, such as diameter measurement values. Due to the combined evaluation, the so-called sensor fusion, plausibility and significance of the recorded data are being increased and the quality of the measuring results is further improved.

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